The African Union, African Export-Import Bank (Afreximbank) and AfCFTA on Thursday commercially inaugurated the Pan-African Payment and Settlement System (PAPSS), thereby making it available for use by the public.
PAPSS is a cross-border, financial market infrastructure enabling payment transactions across Africa, bridging the challenges of trade in a continent with over 41 known currencies.
PAPSS ensures instant or near-instant transfers of funds between originators in one African country and beneficiaries in another.
The commercial launch of PAPSS took place in Accra, Ghana, virtually and physically.
Speaking at the event, Mr. Mike Ogbalu 111, CEO of PAPSS, said that the feat was a step forward toward in the continent’s collective journey toward self-reliance.
“A journey that is leading us to the prosperous Africa of our dreams as espoused in the African Union’s Agenda 2063: the Africa We Want.
“Our progress on this journey has as its guiding light a clear shared vision and unity of purpose. But this, like every journey also requires critical infrastructure to accelerate the fundamental elements that will underpin a prosperous continent.
“A prosperous continent is a trading continent; a continent that builds and retains wealth from its goods and services.
“Governments, businesses, and individuals consume goods and services which they obtain in exchange for value. The fundamental means by which value is exchanged or traded is through payments.
“The more efficient payment systems are, the higher the velocity of value exchange and consequently, the higher the volume and value of trade and our subsequent prosperity.”
According to him, at a continental level, establishing an efficient payment infrastructure will go a long way to eliminate the artificial borders that have divided the continent and robbed us of our shared prosperity.
On some of the benefits of a Pan-Africa payment and settlement system, Ogbalu 111 said it would be the enabling infrastructure to spur the growth of intra-African trade and commerce.
“This is with the active participation of central banks, financial institutions, regional economic communities, private sectors, and other stakeholders.
“Payment infrastructure have existed at both national and sub-regional levels for a while.
“These systems, however, lack interoperability, fragmented national and regional payment systems cannot stimulate pan-African economic development and intra-African trade at the pace required to significantly increase the percentage of trade amongst African countries.
“While these national and regional payment systems have made a good start, bringing about significant modernisation within their jurisdictions.
“It is paramount that we now integrate all of Africa financially to hasten the pace of economic growth in the continent,’’ Ogbalu urged.
Also, HE Wamkele Mene, Secretary General, AfCFTA Secretariat, affirmed that the pioneering effort at achieving a pan African payments and settlements system would enable Africa to reduce reliance on third currencies.
According to him, it also has the potential to significantly boost intra-Africa trade.
The PAPSS project started in 2016 with various engagements to understand the existing regional payment systems, their pros, and cons and how best to approach the establishment of an Africa-wide payments infrastructure.
Engagements took place with Regional Economic Communities including COMESA, East African Community, and SADC, as well as with all major payment systems operators in Africa.
Furthermore, discussions with the West African Monetary Zone (WAMZ) commenced in 2017 and following successful interactions with them, the Central Bank Governors of the Zone agreed to implement a pilot scheme of the system as a proof of concept.
Subsequently, systems development commenced as well as development of the regulatory framework including the PAPSS Bye Law, Scheme Rules and Membership Agreements and other establishment structures required for instituting the system.
In 2019, at its 12th Extra Ordinary summit held in Niamey, Niger on July 7, 2019, the Assembly of the African Union (AU) launched PAPSS and adopted it as a key instrument for the implementation of the African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA).
This was a great milestone as PAPSS was endorsed as the required payment system in Africa.
Following this mandate by the African Union, the partners embarked on further system development, and instituted a strong governance structure.
The PAPSS pilot in WAMZ central banks has been completed and all six Central Banks have tested and gone through the trial operations.
In the last week of August 2021, all the Central Banks became live on the system and have since been sending through live transactions across the WAMZ region.
Engagements with other Central Banks in Africa have commenced in earnest and there is focus on regional payment systems to ensure bulk/group connection.
With every bank onboarded to PAPSS, thousands of their clients would be enabled to trade within Africa.