The World Health Organization (WHO) has achieved “record-breaking” progress in controlling neglected tropical diseases, which blind, maim, disfigure and debilitate millions of people worldwide, especially in poorest countries.
The Director-General of WHO, Dr Margaret Chan, in a new report on Integrating Neglected Tropical Diseases into Global Health and Development, said an estimated one billion people were reached with treatment for at least one of these diseases in 2015 alone.
Chan explained that efforts were on by the UN health agency to tackle the diseases, known as Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs).
“We have observed record-breaking progress towards bringing ancient scourges like sleeping sickness and elephantiasis to their knees.
“Over the past 10 years, millions of people have been rescued from disability and poverty, thanks to one of the most effective global partnerships in modern public health,” Chan said.
The WHO’s new report shows how political support, improvements in living conditions and supply of medicines have led to sustained expansion of disease control programmes in countries where these diseases are most prevalent.
“Another major milestone was the endorsement of a NTD roadmap in 2012, in which WHO partners’ committed additional support and resources to eliminating 10 of the most common NTDs.
“For sustaining this momentum, experts believe that wider progress towards realizing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development would be crucial.
“Meeting global targets for water and sanitation, such as those under the global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will be key”.
WHO estimates that 2.4 billion people still lack basic sanitation facilities such as toilets and latrines, while more than 660 million continue to drink water from “unimproved” sources, such as surface water.
According to Dr Dirk Engels, Director of WHO’s Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases, “further gains will depend on wider progress towards the SDGs”.
“Once widely prevalent, diseases are now restricted to tropical and sub-tropical regions with unsafe water, inadequate hygiene and sanitation, and poor housing conditions.
“More than 70 per cent of countries and territories that report the presence of NTDs are low or lower-middle income economies.
“The class of these illnesses include diseases such as dengue, rabies, trachoma, Buruli ulcer, yaws, leprosy, human African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness), dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease), schistosomiasis (larval worm infection) etc.
“Poor people living in remote, rural areas, urban slums, or conflict zones are most at risk,” Engels said.